2ND MERCOSUL BIENNIAL 1999
06 Nov 1999 - 09 Jan 2000
6 November 1999 - 9 January 2000
General curator: Fábio Magalhães
Assistant curator: Leonor Amarante
Adriana Gonzalez Brun, Adriana Lestido, Agueda Dicancro, Albert Gleizes, Alejandra García, Alejandra Wolff Rojas, Alejandro Obregon Rosen, Alejandro Salazar, Alejandro Zapata, Alexander Zedlitz, Alexandra Del Castillo, Allison Cornyn (com Sue Johnson E Susan Meiselas), álvaro Zinno, Amy Alexander, Ana Cláudia Munera, Ana Eckell, Ana Miguel, André Lhote, Andrea Finkelstein, Andrea Goic, Andreas Trottmann (com Henning Timcke), Andreas Tröger (com Paul Garrin ), Annette Weintraub, Antoni Abad, Antônio Gomide, Arthur Omar, Arturo Duclos, Bia Medeiros, Bruce Benderson (com Santiago Echeverry), Bruce Damer, Cândido Portinari, Carla Della Beffa, Carlos Leppe, Caterina Luisa Purdy Mohn, Cecilia Vignolo, Christa Sommerer (com Laurent Mignonneau), Christian Edgard Oyarzún Roa (com Eduardo Elgueta Strange), Claudia Casarino, Claudio Parrini, Cristián Silva, Dan Arenzon, Daniel García, Daniel Sêda, Dautscher Multimediaverband (dmmv) (com German Multimedia Association E Zentrum Für Interaktive Medien (zim)), Diana Domingues, Diego Gravinese, Diego Rivera, Dino Bruzzone, Divino Sobral, Dulcimira Capisani, Edmond Couchot (com Michel Bret), Eduardo Elgueta Strange (com Christian Edgard Oyarzún Roa), Elaine Tedesco, Elias Heim, élida Tessler, Emiliano Di Cavalcanti, Emilio Pettoruti, Erika Ewel, Etoy, Eurídice Arratia (com Santiago Echeverry), Fábio Itapura (com Gisela Domschke), Facundo De Zuviría, Federico Arnaud, Feliciano Centurión, Félix Bressan, Fernand Léger, Fernando Arias, Flávio Emanuel, Franklin Cassaro, Gianandrea Zelada, Gilberto Prado, Gisela Domschke (com Fábio Itapura), Gonzalo Díaz, Gonzalo Mezza, Gordon Selley (com Rycharde Hawkes E Jane Prophet), Guillermo Marín Rico, Guillermo Quintero Rojas, Gustavo López Armentia, Gustavo Romano, Hélio Fervenza, Henning Timcke (com Andreas Trottmann), Hermann-josef Hack, Horacio Cassinelli, Hugo Aveta, Humberto Rivas, I/o/d, Iberê Camargo, Ivan Marino, Jacques Lipchitz, Jaime ávila, Jaime Iregui, James Stevens, Jane Prophet (com Gordon Selley E Rycharde Hawkes ), Jean Metzinger, Jesús Ruiz Nestosa, Joe Santarromana (com Ken Goldberg), Joel Pizzini, Jorge Castro, Jorge La Ferla, Jorge Padilla, José Rufino, Josep Giribet (com Roy Ascott), Juan Fernando Herrán, Juana Marta Rodas (com Julia Isídrez), Julia Isídrez (com Juana Marta Rodas), Julio Le Parc, Jurandir Müller (com Kiko Goifman), Kazuhiko Hachiya, Keiko González, Kelly Xavier, Ken Goldberg (com Joe Santarromana), Kiko Goifman (com Jurandir Müller), Knowbotic Research, Lasar Segall, Laura Vinci, Laurent Mignonneau (com Chista Sommerer), Lúcia Koch, Luísa Paraguai, Luiz Zerbini, Manuela Conti, Marcello Mercado, Marcelo Callaú, Marcelo Medina, Marcelo Rafael Pombo, Marcelo Suaznábar, Márcia Grostein, Marco Giannotti, Marcos López, Marepe, Margarita Paksa, María Francisca García, Maria Leontina, Maria Tomaselli, Mario Navarro, Mario Opazo, Mark Pesce, Markus Schulthess, Martha Gofre, Masaki Fujihata, Maurice Bénayoum, Maurício Silva, Mauro Fuke, Michel Bret (com Edmond Couchot), Michel Redolfi, Milton Rodrigues Dacosta, Milton Sogabe, Mitaí Churí - Carlos Federico Reyes, Mónica Girón, Nadín Ospina, Nélson Félix, Nora Aslan, Oliver Aubert, Omar Khan, Osvaldo Cibils, Osvaldo Salerno, Pablo Picasso, Pablo Siquier, Pablo Uribe, Patrick Hamilton, Paul Garrin (com Andreas Tröger), Philadelpho Menezes (com Wilton Azevedo), Rafael Barradas, Raquel Bigio, Raquel Schwartz, Regina Silveira, Ricardo Migliorisi, Rita Fischer, Roberto Valcárcel, Rochelle Costi, Rodrigo De Haro, Rodrigo Facundo, Roy Ascott (com Josep Giribet), Rycharde Hawkes (com Gordon Selley E Jane Prophet), Ryoichiro De Buchi, Sandra Cinto, Santiago Echeverry, Sara Facio, Seiko Mikami/ Artlab, Sensorium, Sharon Daniel, Sheldon Brown, Shirley Paes Leme, Stephen Wilson, Sue Johnson (com Allison Cornyn E Susan Meiselas), Susan Meiselas (com Allison Cornyn E Sue Johnson ), Susan Meiselas (com Sue Johnson E Allison Cornyn), Suzete Venturelli, Tania Fraga, Tarsila Do Amaral, Timothy Leary, Tunga - Antônio José De Barros Carvalho E Mello Mourão, Valeria Bellusci, Valia Carvalho, Vanessa C. Vásquez Grimaldi, Vicente Do Rego Monteiro, Victor Brecheret, Victor Brecheret, Victoria Vesna, Walter Silveira, Wendy Vissar, Wilton Azevedo (com Philadelpho Menezes), Yoichiro Kawaguchi,
The 2nd Mercosul Biennial took place in 1999 and showed works from Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay, with Colombia as guest country.
The event opened on November 5 with a concert by the Porto Alegre Symphony Orchestra performing the "Mercosul Symphony", composed especially for the event by Nestor Wennholz.
This Biennial highlighted the process of Mercosul integration and the need to promote a harmony of differences. This Biennial aimed not to assemble the works around a theme but around the problematics of current issues.
1999 was marked by a strong devaluation of the Real against the US dollar, which had a considerable effect on the Biennial budget. This edition was therefore characterised by the challenge of making the event viable in a financially unfavourable context. Considerably more modest than the previous edition, the great merits of 2nd Mercosul Biennial were the efforts made to consolidate the project.
According to the curators, the guidelines for this exhibition were adoption of the concepts of "identity" and "cultural diversity", without transforming them into a thematic approach, allowing free and generalised association about diversity in contemporary artistic production. The 2nd Biennial was defined by an emphasis on issues around art and technology, and the historical segments were confined to the Picasso exhibition. This was the first time the Biennial included artists from outside Mercosul who were not from Latin American guest countries, seeking to emphasize the multiple artistic influences we receive from other cultural centres.
In addition to the national representations, the 2nd Biennial also brought the following exhibitions: Art and Technology - CyberArt: Zones of interaction, which assembled six installations on the ground floor of the Usina do Gasômetro building, together with art internet pages, followed by a symposium on the theme, and exhibition by Julio le Parc, and thePicasso, Cubists and Latin America exhibition. This edition also showed a segment of art interventions on the Guaíba riverside that aimed to show art outside the conventional exhibition circuit.
The artist of honour for the 2nd Biennial was the painter Iberê Camargo, whose exhibition occupied the first floor of the Museu de Arte do Rio Grande do Sul. The exhibition showed the artist's work from the 1950s to the early 1990s.
The Picasso, Cubists and Latin America exhibition sought to highlight the influences and reciprocities between European and Latin American artists by showing the work of several artists from Mercosul and Colombia influenced by the cubism of Picasso and other important cubist artists.
Continuing the achievements of the 1st Biennial, several spaces were refurbished to hold exhibitions, including the DEPRC quayside warehouses and MARGS, which underwent further refurbishment. An admission fee was charged, except for entry to the Gasômetro exhibition. Admission was free for one day per week.
The 2nd Biennial was visited by a total of 294,201 people.
A touring programme was arranged, taking part of the Biennial to the Universidade de Caxias do Sul and Buenos Aires, with the aim of consolidating the event at national and regional level, and promoting it to the art-cultural community of the state.
Source: "A Concise History of the Mercosul Biennial"