1st Montevideo Biennial
23 Nov 2012 - 30 Mar 2013
The Great South
November 24, 2012 - March 30, 2013
Chief curator: Alfons Hug Co-curators: Paz Guevara, Patricia Bentancur
The Great South
The four points of the compass are not only points of reference in a circle of 360 degrees divided into four quadrants. They also are guides on the wind rose of cultures and metaphorical constructs that are subject to ever new interpretations during the course of history.
Orientation, which literally means looking East, is an attempt to calculate the course of the sun and to determine one’s position somewhere between the four ends of the earth.
One ought, therefore, to believe that in a world marked by imbalance and disorder, the four points of the compass would at least carry the same weight. In fact, however, there have been but two main points of orientation during the past few decades: West and East.
The West: from the early days of the twentieth century on, and regarded from a hegemonic perspective, the West was the smaller half of Europe plus North America, although according to an apt remark made by Mario Vargas Llosa, South America clearly also belongs to the western hemisphere: “somos occidente”.
The West: according to this logic, it also represents a superior economic, political and cultural model – and the East its underdeveloped counter pole: with Eastern Europe now extending far into Asia, just as it did on the sable hunt of the Russian Cossacks in the 17th century.
During the Cold War, the East began just the other side of Berlin and reached as far as the Pacific – and included both Siberia and China.
The North, which basically comprises parts of both the West and the East, appeared only marginally in this equation: and then only in the form of military models, such as NATO’s North Atlantic Treaty. Only in the past few years has the North been upgraded: from the moment it became evident that the Polar regions were going to play a vital role in the climate debate.
This exhibition now explores the South and its relationship with the rest of the world. The works on show will offer different interpretations of the South depending on the respective artist's place of origin – the southern or northern hemisphere, the West or the East.
* 1973, Kabul, Afghanistan. Lives in Kabul, Afghanistan.
* 1980, Maldonado, Uruguay. Lives in Montevideo, Uruguay.
* 1965, Vale de Cambra, Portugal. Lives in New York, USA.
* 1971, Wigan, United Kingdom. Lives in London, United Kingdom.
* 1972, Montevideo, Uruguay / 1980, Montevideo, Uruguay. They live in Montevideo, Uruguay.
* 1944 Anyako, Ghana. Lives in Nsukka, Nigeria.
Niles Atallah, Cristóbal León & Joaquín Cociña
* 1978, California, USA / 1980, Santiago, Chile / 1980 Concepción, Chile. They live in Santiago, Chile.
* 1983, Arras, France. Lives in Paris, France.
* 1977 Buenos Aires, Argentina. Lives in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
* 1982, Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Lives in Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
*1961, Nice, France. Lives in Sète, France.
* 1963, Durazno, Uruguay. Lives in Montevideo, Uruguay.
* 1954, Montevideo, Uruguay. Lives in Barcelona, Spain.
* 1937 Managua, Nicaragua. Lives in San José, Costa Rica.
* 1960, Taoyuan, China. Lives in Shanghai, China.
* 1972, Rivera, Uruguay. Lives in Montevideo, Uruguay.
Alberto Maria D ́Agostini
* 1883, Pollone, Italy. † 1960, Turin, Italy.
Marina de Caro
* 1961, Mar del Plata, Argentina. Lives in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Dias & Riedweg
*1964, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil / *1955, Lucerne, Switzerland. They live in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
* 1961, Massachusetts, USA. Lives in Pennsylvania, USA.
* 1965 Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Lives in Hong Kong.
* 1967, Berlin, Germany. Lives in Berlin, Germany.
* 1978, Paris, France. Lives in Paris, France.
* 1968, Göttingen, Germany. Lives in Berlin, Germany.
* 1976, Heidelberg, Germany. Lives in Berlin, Germany.
* 1963, Montevideo, Uruguay. Lives in Montevideo, Uruguay.
* 1951, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Lives in Montevideo, Uruguay.
Reynier Leyva Novo
* 1983, Havana, Cuba. Lives in Havana, Cuba.
* 1963, Barcelona, Spain. Lives in Barcelona, Spain.
* 1958, Montevideo, Uruguay. Lives in Montevideo, Uruguay.
*1976, Sydney, Australia. Lives in Sydney, Australia and Paris, France.
Galina Myznikova & Sergey Provorov (Grupo PROVMYZA)
* 1968, Gorki, USSR / 1979, Gorki, USSR. They live in Nizhni Nóvgorod, Russia.
* 1977, Governador Valadares, Brazil. Lives in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
* 1963, Los Muermos, Chile. Lives in Santiago, Chile.
* 1987, São Paulo, Brazil. Lives in São Paulo Brazil.
*1971, Chiang Mai, Thailand. Lives in Chiang Mai, Thailand and Fukuoka, Japan.
*1965, Munich, Germany. Lives in Berlin, Germany.
* 1976, Athens, Greece. Lives in Berlin, Germany.
* 1976 Montevideo, Uruguay. Lives in Madrid, Spain.
* 1979, Mexico D.F., Mexico. Lives in Mexico D. F., Mexico.
1960, Oberhausen, Germany. † 2010, Berlin, Germany.
* 1962, Johannesburg, South Africa. Lives in Cape Town, South Africa.
Traspuesto de un Estudio para un Retrato Común
* 2006, Montevideo, Uruguay. Lives in Montevideo, Uruguay.
* 1974, Tacuarembó, Uruguay. Lives in Montevideo, Uruguay
* 1962 Montvideo, Uruguay. Lives in Montevideo, Uruguay.
* 1965 Panama City, Panama. Lives in London, England and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
* 1964, Thrissur, India. Lives in Bangalore, India.
* 1964, Genoa, Italy. Lives in Rome, Italy and Berlin, Germany.
* 1971 Vitoria, Brazil. Lives in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
* 1980 Hunan, China. Lives in Beijing, China.
*1973, Lima, Peru. Lives in Berlin, Germany.